Our family physicians are equipped to take care of children with attention deficit disorder because they have a special interest in pediatric. They are able to properly assess the child and advise the parents for an optimal and personalized treatment.
DEFINITION OF ADHD
Attention deficit disorder with or without hyperactivity is a neurological problem that occurs during childhood. The best explanation for the origin of ADHD would be genetic.
ADHD affects between 3% and 10% of children. (Barkley R.A. (1997) “Behavioral inhibition, sustained attention and executive functions: constructing a unifying theory of ADHD” Psychological Bulletin, 121, 65-94.).
People with ADHD have attention and / or impulsivity and hyperactivity difficulties that affect different aspects of their lives: social, academic and professional. This disorder occurs more often in children than in adults but persists in adulthood in half of children who have it.
SYMPTOMS OF ADHD
According to the DSM-V, here are some recognized criteria:
- Can not pay attention to detail.
- Has difficulty keeping attention (course, discussion, reading)
- Do not listen . Attention is diverted by other stimuli.
- Does not comply with the instructions and does not perform the required work required.
- Has difficulty organizing work.
- Difficulty engaging in tasks or jobs that require a sustained level of mental effort.
- Lose objects often.
- Easily distracted by external stimuli.
HYPERACTIVITY and IMPULSIVITY
- Moves hands or feet, squirms and is restless.
- Is often standing in situations where he has to sit.
- Short or climbing everywhere.
- Has trouble being quiet during activities. He shouts, he runs constantly and has trouble waiting for his turn.
- Talk too much. Answer before the question is over and often interrupt the other.
- Is always in continual motion.
EVALUATION OF ADHD
The assessment of ADHD is complex because some symptoms can be attributed to other things such as immaturity, anxiety, substance abuse and relationship problems. That is why an evaluation is essential to arrive at an exact diagnosis and must be done by one or other of these professionals: family doctor, psychiatrist, neuropsychologist or psychologist.
TREATMENT OF ADHD
Two types of treatment are privileged: a pharmacological approach and a psychological approach. A treatment that combines both approaches is usually more effective.
Université Laval, Le TDAH: Définition, traitements et ressources universitaires