Hepatitis A and B

Definition:

Hepatitis is an inflammation of the liver. There are several forms of this virus including hepatitis A, B, C, D, E and G.

Hepatitis A :

Hepatitis A is transmitted primarily through the fecal-oral path (contact with stool). If the infected person does not have good health habits including washing hands after going to the toilet, the virus can be on his hands. This is then passed on handled food or human contact and in rare cases during sex.

Hepatitis A can also be present in some raw foods such as shellfish.

The virus can survive at room temperature 2 to 3 hours on a surface such as counter top or door handle.

Hepatitis B :

Hepatitis B is transmitted through blood contact including needle sharing, tattooing, piercing, sharing items that may be contaminated with blood (razor, nail cutting, toothbrush etc.) and unprotected sex and from mother to child during childbirth.

Frequent signs and symptoms:

Following infection, symptoms appear from 2 to 6 weeks for Hepatitis A and 6 to 22 weeks for Hepatitis B. Some individuals may be asymptomatic (no symptoms), but can still transmit the disease.

Symptoms are similar regardless of the contracted virus:
• Fever;
•Tiredness ;
•Loss of appetite ;
• Nausea and vomiting;
•Abdominal pain ;
•Joint pain ;
• Jaundice (yellowing of the skin and whites of the eyes).

Prevention:

For more information, see Travel Vaccination or visit our blog and consult the article (French only): Hépatite A et B

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Vaccination is the best way to protect against Hepatitis A and B.

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