HPV is spread by skin to skin contact during intimate relationships: vaginal, anal or oral. Several types of HPV exist, some of which can cause cancer and other skin lesions called condylomas. In addition to being the cause of 70% of cervical cancers, HPV is responsible for cancers of the vagina, vulva and anus. Some respiratory disease, throat and oral cavity cancer have also been attributed to HPV. Among those infected with HPV, only a minority have cancer because there are several types of HPV. Anogenital warts are a sign of infection and may occur in the region of the thighs, vagina, rectum, urethra or cervix in women. In men, the lesions may appear on the thighs, penis, scrotum, anus or in the urethra.
In women, it is important to have regular cytology (Pap test) to detect lesions early may develop into cancer of the cervix.
Men should consult promptly if they see unusual lesions in the thigh regions, penis, scrotum, anus or urethra.
In certain regions of Quebec, the vaccine is provided free in schools to girls in Grade 4.
The PIQ strongly recommends that women 18 to 45 years and boys and men 9-26 years of initiating vaccination with available resources. Ideally, doses should be administered before they become sexually active. Note that people can be vaccinated even if they have already been infected with a form of HPV.
For more information, visit our blog and consult the article (French only): VPH – Virus du papillome humain