It is beneficial to consult a travel health specialist 2 or 3 months before departure even if the stay is of short duration and you are staying in a luxury resort.
The most common vaccines:
Tetanus: An infectious disease caused by a bacterium Clostridium tetanu that attacks the nerves. It enters the body through a contaminated wound. Tetanus knows no border and is caught anywhere in the world. As for prevention, take care of injuries and get vaccinated every 10 years.
Typhoid: Infection caused by a bacterium, Salmonella. You can contract it by consuming water and / or contaminated food or by the fecal-oral transmission.
Hepatitis A: Hepatitis A is a liver infection caused by Heparnavirus virus. This contagious infection is contracted by consuming contaminated food or water, being in contact with a sick person or simply be carrying the virus. It is present all over the world but mainly in areas where hygiene is questionable. Vaccination is the only way to protect yourself and respect the hygiene measures.
Hepatitis B: Infection of the liver due to Hepatitis B. This virus is transmitted through blood, sexual contact and sometimes saliva. As a preventive measure, avoid unprotected sex, tattoos, piercings, medical care with non-sterile equipment and by getting vaccinated. As his cousin Hepatitis A, Hepatitis B is worldwide especially in South Asia, sub-Saharan Africa, the Amazon basin, south and west Pacific Islands, Haiti and Dominican Republic.
Yellow fever: Yellow fever is a viral disease transmitted by an insect (ex: mosquito, spider, scorpion). The insect is a carrier of the virus.
The disease is mostly in tropical areas of Africa and South America. Some countries require proof of immunization.